Addressing Fertility Problem In Men
Infertility, especially in India, is still considered to be a female problem, while in reality, sometimes the infertility problems could lie with the man. People know it exists, but it is one of those things that no one wants to address. Male infertility happens to 50 per cent men who visit clinics and the problem can be due to low sperm motility, abnormal sperm, and even low sperm count.
Male infertility could also be due to genital infections, hormonal problems and ejaculatory dysfunction. It is therefore important for men to get fertility tests done along with their partners. The semen of the man is analysed to check its quantity and quality. Any defects like oligospermia (few sperms produced), azoospermia (zero sperm count) no sperm movement and sperm motility problems can be detected with sonography and analysis.
Thanks to advances in technology, the causes of male infertility is easy to detect. A DNA fragmentation is used to check for damages in the DNA. a sperm aneuploidy test (SAT) and a diagnostic test can be done to study chromosomal abnormalities to determine the cause of infertility. In some cases, when the veins get too enlarged in the scrotum, like in varicocele, surgical therapy can prove helpful.
It is always easy to choose the right treatment once the cause of infertility is determined. The various treatment options include hormonal treatments, intra-uterine insemination, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and assisted reproductive techniques. The ICSI is a new procedure whereby the egg and sperm of the couple are taken and then a single sperm is injected into an egg which is then implanted into the uterus of the woman. It ¡s just like having a test tube baby.
Another successful process is the testicular sperm exaction in which sperm is taken from the testicles if there is no sperm in the semen due to a blockage in the testes. Some of the most common lifestyle causes of male infertility is, leading a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and stress. According to research, these causes amount to 25-50 per cent of male infertility.
- Do not delay having a baby. Men, like women, also have a biological clock so the older a man gets, the harder it becomes to impregnate a woman.
- Do not get too stressed out. Do some yoga or some form of exercise to feel good.
- Avoid taking steroids
- Give up smoking as it affects fertility, reduces sperm production and also damages the DNA.
- Visit a fertility specialist if you have not been able to conceive for a year.